Health Education in Nigerian schools should be given priority. This is because it help school students learn skills they will use to make healthy choices throughout their lifetime.
This article aims to discuss why it is crucial to start teaching health education in Nigerian schools.
It also aims to highlight the appropriate age to start teaching it and the strategies that educators can employ when teaching health education in Nigerian schools.
Children are not too young to learn about their health and well-being, in fact, this is the right time for them to acquire such knowledge.
According to Healthychildren.org, health education promotes learning among students in subjects taught in schools.
Health education emphasises the teaching of health information and vital skills necessary to adopt, practice, and maintain health-enhancing behaviours.
Programs might include not only physical activity and proper nutrition; they can also include subjects such as stress management, drug use, and sexual conduct.
Studies have discovered that promoting and establishing healthy behaviours for younger people is very useful to their growth and development.
As a result, it is crucial for teachers to be aware of the importance of discussing health topics with their students.
Health education motivates students to improve and maintain their health, prevent disease and reduce risky behaviour.
It is essential for teachers to start teaching health education in Nigerian schools early on from preschool to elementary and then to secondary.
Most educational institutions should focus on teaching health education intensively and include it into their curriculum.
It is crucial that health education is taught at all grade levels as children are more at risk to preventable diseases and infections.
The goal of teaching health education in Nigerian schools is to not only increase health knowledge and create a positive attitude towards well being, but also to promote healthy behaviours and lifestyle choices.
There are several ways in which schools can improve health practices among students in schools.
They can include teaching health education in their curriculum, promote healthy eating and physical activities in the classroom.
According to research by CDC, 17.7% of 6 to 11 year olds were obese in 2011 – 2012.
From this data, it shows that most of what our young children are eating is not healthy and as such it is the responsibility of parents and the school to educate children on health.
Schools can create an environment that support healthy eating and physical activity by employing policies and practices.
Providing students with learning opportunities that promote healthy diet and regular physical activity is also vital for students to learn and practice these behaviors.
For example, Greensprings School recently stopped the consumption of carbonated drinks and lollipops in the school. This is because research has shown that the sugar content in these foods increases student hyperactivity and reduces their attention span.
The school also runs a robust physical and health education department which infuses sports and exercise into student learning.
According to SPARK author, John Ratey, MD “exercise should be thought of as medication”.
We know that exercise helps with executive functions like sequencing, memory, and prioritising which contribute to necessary skills for success in school and life. This is a major benefit.
Put simply, physical activity in school primes the brain for learning. Educators should involve all students from preschool to secondary in physical exercises as this is crucial for healthy development.
In a research by Morgan and Hansen (2008) they identified two primary reasons why teachers find it hard to fully apply health education in schools. They are:
Most of the institutional issues that affect the teaching of health education in Nigerian schools include budget constraints, scarce resources, reduction of time allocation in the curriculum, lack of professional expertise and the lack of facilities and equipment.
A lot of schools do not have the resources needed to teach physical education and healthy well-being.
Due to this, students are not enlightened on health education, and this affects their behavior growing up.
It’s no surprise people’s eating habit is terrible, and their fitness level is zero.
As to teacher-related problems, some of the issues that affect the teaching of health education include lack of interest in teaching health education and lack of training, knowledge and expertise.
A lot of teachers that take up teaching as a profession do not have a passion for it and many times they do it just to earn a living.
Furthermore, a qualified teacher may not accept a low paying job, even if he/she has a passion for teaching.
This pushes some elementary schools into cutting corners, by hiring unqualified teachers that may not be suitable for the job.
This ultimately affects the teaching of health education to students. Also, hiring a professional expert to educate students on well-being education might be very expensive.
First of all, it is essential for schools to train teachers on health education.
Is there an active physical education program that emphasises the value of fitness and offers each child thirty minutes of vigorous activity at least three times a week?
Does the school district support staff-wellness programs so that teachers can be actively involved in maintaining their health and thus be more excited about conveying health information to their students?
In summary, teaching health education in Nigerian schools is important for the continuous growth and development of healthy children.
In general, a child's well-being as an adult is influenced by the lifelong exercise and nutrition habits that he/she adopts now.
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